American Paint Horse horse breed information
American Paint Horse description
The American Paint Horse's combination of color and conformation has made the American Paint Horse Association (APHA) the second-largest breed registry in the United States based on the number of horses registered annually. While the colorful coat pattern is essential to the identity of the breed, American Paint Horses have strict bloodline requirements and a distinctive stock-horse body type. To be eligible for registry, a Paint's ,sire and dam must be registered with the American Paint Horse Association, the American Quarter Horse Association, or the Jockey Club (Thoroughbreds). At least one parent must be a registered American Paint Horse. To be eligible for the Regular Registry, the horse must also exhibit a minimum amount of white hair over unpigmented (pink) skin.
Sturdy, compact, good to handle cattle, the Paint Horse has a medium body, but long legs. The head is narrow, the ears are medium sized and the eyes are alert.
American Paint horse has white extending across the back between withers and tail. Head markings are bald, apron or bonnet-faced. White markings are irregular, scattered and spash-like and tail is generally one color. Breed may be either predominately white or dark.
American Paint Horse color
American horse breed exists in various colors, such as black, bay, brown, chestnut, dun, palomino, etc with varying amounts of white forming a pattern over the body. Each horse has unique combination of one of these colors and white. Spots can be any shape or size, except leopard complex patterning, which is characteristic of the Appaloosa, and located virtually anywhere on the Paint's body.
American Paint Horse size
Average height of breed is around 15-16 hands height.
American Paint Horse weight
They are similar in size to a quarter horse, approximately 1100-1200 pounds(500-550kg)
American Paint Horse temperament
American Paint Horses are very much related to Quarter Horses so they have very similar temperaments to the horses of that breed. They are pretty laid back, with a good cow sense. They tend to excel in Western disciplines, but can be used for some English events too, such as hunter.
American Paint Horses are fairly intelligent and when trained well, are quiet and not prone to spooking. However there are exceptions within every breed.
American Paint Horse life expectancy
Life span of breed is from 20-35 years.
American Paint Horse origin
The first Paint horses in America were brought over from Spain, where record of their existence stretches back to 700 A.D.
These spotted horses were prized by Native Americans and among the early cow ponies and stock animals of the 18th and 19th centuries.
American Paint Horse history
The evolution of the American Paint Horse can be traced back to the Spanish Conquistador Hernando Cortes. Cortes brought 16 war horses to the new world, one of which was a sorrel and white pinto. It was that horse historians believe founded the American Paint Horse breed.
Descendants of this unusual stallion soon spread across the western plains, and attracted the attention of the American Indian. The flashy looks and hardy conformation of these horses made them the preferred mount for many of the Plains tribes. It is largely due to this favoritism that the Paint Horse prospered, since pinto coloring was considered undesirable by European Americans until well into the 20th Century.
In the late 1950s, an association called the Pinto Horse Association was established to help preserve the spotted horse. A decade later, the American Paint Stock Horse Association was founded, this time with the aim of preserving both color and stock horse type. In 1965 this latter group merged with the American Paint Quarter Horse Association to form the American Paint Horse Association
American Paint Horse genetic diseases
Breed is susceptible to getting lethal white syndrome, a genetic disease. Some foals are born with a pure white color and do not have a functioning colon. No effective treatments have been found for this disease, and the foal usually dies within two weeks. The death is a very painful process, and they are typically put down once symptoms have been found. The coat color alone is not an indicator that a horse has this disease.
This disease has become well known among American Paint Horse breeders, and many of them have encountered this disease first hand. While it was thought at one time that overos carried this disease, recent research has shown that not all overos carry this disorder, and tobianos and quarter horses may carry it also. Despite these conditions, American Paint Horses are highly prized.
American Paint Horse uses
The Paint Horse is a versatile horse, used for walking and riding(english and western), also breed is used for races, show jumping, rodeo, trail riding, dressage, driving etc. It is especially used as a ranch horse.
American Paint Horse influence
American Paint Horse interesting facts
The American Paint horse is available in two varieties namely Tobiano and Overo. In the Tobiano type of horse all the legs are white with some markings on chest and neck. The markings are oval or round in shape. The American Paint horse in Tobiano type is normally available in the dark colors and the tail is normally in two colors. While in the Overo type the color is usually light and the white color is just confined up to tail and withers. The color of the legs is dark. The American Paint horse is also available in the mix quality of Tobiano and Overo and the name is Tovero.
The creation of the American Paint Horse Association was due in part to the fact that horses of Paint coloring were discriminated against by other associations. For instance, the American Quarter Horse Association will not register a spotted horse regardless of its breeding, however excellent or pure. Many owners of spotted horses feel their horses receive poor marks from show judges due to color. In fact, in some shows judges have been known to refuse the entries of spotted horses. Therefore, there are now a considerable number of shows restricted to spotted horses. Ironically, in the old west, cowhands would pay considerably more for a spotted horse than a horse of conventional coloring.
American Paint Horse farms
Painted Horseshoe ranch, Choteau, Montana 59422, USA