Bashkir Curly Horse breed information
Bashkir Curly Horse horse general information
WEIGHT800 to 1000lbg (360 to 450kg), but can weigh up to 1200lbs (550kg)
LIFE EXPECTANCYCurly horse breeds are very tough and survive extreme temperatures easily adapt to their surroundings. Their life span is often between 25 and 35 years.
ORIGINThe real origin of the Curly horse is still a mystery. There are several completely different theories.
Theory 1: Since there have been picture findings of curly horses in China almost two hundred years B.C., some believe that these horses came to North America over the Bering Strait land bridge during the last ice age. No fossil evidence could be found to support this claim.
Theory 2: During the 1700s, Russians occupied the western seaboard of North America, especially Alaska, and the curly horse could have come with them, but there wasn't any evidence of this in the shipping logs and other documentation.
Theory 3: Another theory is that a man by the name of Tom Dixon imported curly horses from northern India to Nevada around 1880. Although this theory cannot be fully proved or disproved the Curly horse was already present in America by that time.
Theory 4: At the end of the 18th century, there were sightings of curly horses in South America, probably brought there by the Spanish conquistadors, since there are several curly coated horse breeds in Europe.
There are even more thoughts and theories of the Curly horse origin, but none of them can be proven.
USESThe athletic ability of the Curly makes the suitable for Barrel Racing, Pole Bending, Western Riding, Reining, Gymkhana Events, Hunter, Jumper, Roping, English Equitation, Western Pleasure, Gaited Pleasure, Competitive and Endurance Trail Riding, Dressage and Driving. Curlies seem to excel at many tasks.
TEMPRERAMENTIn general, Curly horses are very easily managed, because of their mild temper and their intelligence.
Bashkir Curly Horse description
An American Curly Horse (aka American Bashkir Curly) is a relatively rare type of horse, whose winter coat is curly. Curles can range from tight microcurls, to a marcelle or sand dune wave, or a ringlet, or a minimally expressed curl just in certain areas of their bodies. Manes and forelocks can be corkscrew, ringlet or dreadlock; ear hair, whiskers, eyelashes and fetlock hairs are wavy to curly. In spring, Curlies shed out to straight or wavy short coats. A few will also shed mane and tail hairs, to grow them back again in the fall.
Curly Horses are often wide between the eyes, and typically have wide set ears, somewhat blunt at the tip or gently curved. Their faces can be somewhat long and narrow, and are straight in profile, or may be ram headed (convex). They may have primitive horse traits such as smaller chestnuts & smaller or missing ergots. Curlies with long thick manes are double maned (split down middle.) They are not required to be clipped when shown, to display their unique Curly Horse traits.
Curly horses are acclaimed to be the only hypoallergenic horse breed. Most people allergic to horse hair can handle Curly Horses without suffering any allergic reaction.
Bashkir Curly Horse history
Modern history of the Curly horse is much clearer than its origin. First official sighting and breeding can be traced to the Damele family. John Damele, a settler form Italy, lived in a small town Eureka, in the heart of Nevada. Him, and his sons, first spotted several curly horses running with mustang wild horses.
In the spring of 1931, Dameles caught a Curly horse from a mustang herd and took the horse back to their ranch, where they broke it, and later sold it.
The winter of 1931/1932 was probably one of the harshest in American history. Dameles horses were completely wiped out, but the curly coated horse survived. This was a turning point for the Dameles. After that, they started capturing more curly horses, training them to be cow horses, that can be relied upon in the cold central Nevada winters.
The Dameles didn't care too much about keeping the breed pure, so they mixed them with Morgan horses, and also with Arabians. Famous and influential Curly horses were Peacock D, Grulla D, Dixie D, and Dusty D. The most famous was Copper D. Many Curly Horses around the world today trace their lineage to Copper D.
Bashkir Curly Horse health and genetic issues
The horses are very hard and are generally in good health, and don't have any common horse illness.
Bashkir Curly Horse fun facts
Some people report Curlies smell differently than other horses.
Ten percent of the Curly horses possess a special additional gait (like Indian Shuffle, Running Walk, Fox Trot..)
There are less than 5000 Curly horses in the world