Peruvian Paso breed information
Peruvian Paso horse general information
COLORThe coat color can be varied and is seen in chestnut, black, bay, brown, buckskin, palomino, gray, roan or dun
SIZEThe horse is medium sized, usually standing between 14.1 and 15.2 hh, with an elegant yet powerful build
WEIGHTThe weight is commonly between 900 and 1100 lb (410-500kg), about the same as Morgans and Arabians.
LIFE EXPECTANCYBetween 25-30 years
USESPeruvian Paso horses are noted internationally for their good temperament and comfortable ride. As of 2003, there are approximately 25,000 horses worldwide, used for pleasure riding, trail, horse shows, parades, and endurance riding.
INFLUENCEBarb, Spanish or Andalusian blood
TEMPRERAMENTPerhaps the most misunderstood of all traits that distinguishes the Peruvian horse is "brio," a quality of spirit that enables this tractable horse to perform with an arrogance and exuberance that can only be described as thrilling. "Brio" and stamina give the Peruvian its willingness and ability to perform tirelessly for many hours and many miles in the service of its rider.
Peruvian Paso description
The Peruvian Paso horse should have an appearance of energy, grace and refinement. Horses should have a well-developed muscular appearance without exaggerations. The head is of medium size with a straight or slightly concave profile; a small muzzle; oblong nostrils which extend easily; dark skin; dark expressive eyes set well apart; moderately marked jowls and medium length ears with fine tips curved slightly inward. The neck is of medium length with a graceful arch to the crest. It is slightly heavier in proportion to the body than with most light saddle breeds. The back is medium to short in length, strong and rounded. Loins broad and well muscled over kidney area. Croup long and wide, fairly muscular with moderate slope and nicely rounded. Tail is set low and viewed from the rear is carried straight, quietly and held close to the buttocks. Chest is wide with abundant muscling. Rib cage well sprung and deep. The barrel is deep and the underline is nearly level from the last rib to the brisket. Flanks are moderately short, full and deep. Quarters should be strong, of medium roundness and width. Shoulders long, very well inclined and well muscled, especially at the withers. Bones of the lower limbs should be well aligned and well articulated so that the long bones line up with each other correctly above and below the joints with the skin tight against the bone and strong, prominent tendons.
Pasterns of medium length and springy but not showing weakness. Cannon bones are short. Slightly more angle to the hock than other light saddle breeds.
Today, the Peruvian Paso transmits its smooth gait to all purebred foals. No artificial devices or special training aids are necessary to enable the horse to perform its specialty - a natural four-beat footfall of medium speed that provides a ride of incomparable smoothness and harmony of movement.,
Peruvian Paso history
The Paso, meaning "step", of South America originates in Peru, with which country it is particularly associated. It is also bred in Colombia and in the United States, where it has achieved considerable popularity.
Horses were first brought to Peru in 1532, by the Spanish adventurer Francisco Pizarro and over the centuries they have retained the lateral gait associated with the ambling, Spanish Jennet. Indeed, the gaits have been developed and perfected to such a degree that they are now regarded as a breed characteristic that distinguishes the Paso (thought to be 75% Barb and 25% Spanish or Andalusian blood) from the other Criollos of South America. These gaits allow the Paso to cover long distances over mountain passes and plains at a remarkable speed, while affording great comfort to the rider.
Highly selective breeding of the small, very specialized riding horse over hundreds of years has produced a most distinctive animal of great endurance. The Paso represents "the triumph of Peruvian horse breeding".
Peruvian Paso fun facts
The forelegs of the Peruvian move as if he is always on parade, a motion called "termino."