Trakehner breed information
Trakehner horse general information
COLORTrakehners can be any color, with bay, gray, chestnut and black being the most common, though the breed also includes few roan and tobiano pinto horses.
SIZEThe Trakehner typically stands between 15.2 and 17 hh
WEIGHTAverage 1200lb (545kg)
USESWhile Trakehners compete in nearly all equestrian disciplines, they are particularly prized as Dressage mounts, due to their sensitivity, intelligence and way of going.
The modern Trakehner is a true sports horse, being without a doubt the most important and influential of all warmblood breeds. They are renowned for their grace, power, magnificent movement, natural jump, outstanding beauty, tremendous stamina, ability to perform in any sphere and natural balance and free movement.
TEMPRERAMENTTrakehners are keen, alert and intelligent, yet very stable and accepting, anxious to please.
The Trakehner is a fairly large horse developed in East Prussia. It is intelligent, docile and willing to please. They have a natural elegance and grace, making them excellent competitors. They are also great jumpers. Today, they are primary bred in Germany. Besides being quite large, the Trakehner is exceptionally handsome. They are rather large boned. Despite their size, they are still quite elegant in appearance. They have a deep, sloping shoulders and a fairly long back, which makes their graceful movements possible. They have powerful hindquarters and muscular stature makes enables them to have excellent jumping skills.
The Trakehner, known for its friendly temperament, intelligence and athletic ability, is one of Germany's oldest warmblood breeds. King Frederick Wilhelm I of Prussia wanting his soldiers to have reliable transportation that was faster, sounder and more enduring than that of his contemporaries established the breed in 1732. For that purpose he opened a royal stud farm at Trakehnen in East Prussia. He used small native mares, called Schwaike, and crossed them with Thoroughbreds from England and with purebred Arabians. Throughout the years, the king's stud directors tried various other breeds but soon limited themselves to the Thoroughbred and the Arabian. The results of these crossings were exactly what the king wanted. Strict selection permitted only the best to breed while the "average" product was sold as riding horses, soon producing a distinctive new breed.
Originally, any horse born at Trakehnen was called a "Trakehner" to distinguish it from the "East Prussians" produced by private breeders who bought mares from Trakehnen and bred them to Trakehner stallions. Since the end of World War II, when East Prussia and the Trakehnen stud ceased to exist, all horses with Trakehnen or East Prussian bloodlines have been called "Trakehners."
In 1945, some of the horses from East Prussia endured extreme hardships, pulling their owner's wagons with all the belongings they were able to take when the advancing Soviet army forced them to flee toward the West.
Trakehner health and genetic issues
Because they are a big moving horse, providing leg protection to prevent tendon, suspensory and foot injuries is advised. Cribbing, weaving, and other stall vices are common in Trakhner horses deprived of a stimulating environment. Boredom can also lead to stress related health issues such as laminitis or colic.