Welsh Pony breed information
Welsh Pony horse general information
SIZEThere are four different sections of the Welsh pony breed. They are divided by their size.
The Welsh Mountain Pony (Section A) may not exceed 12.2 hands in the US or 12 hands high in the United Kingdom.
The Welsh Pony of Riding Type (Section B) is the second division within the Welsh pony registry. Section B horses are taller than the closely related Welsh mountain pony (Section A) with a maximum height of 13.2 hands high in the UK and 14.2 hands high in the U.S.
The Welsh pony of Cob Type (Section C) should be no taller than 13.2 hands.
The Welsh Cob (Section D) is the largest-sized animal within the Welsh pony and cob breed registries, and is no shorter than 13.2 hands. Under some organization rules there may be no upper height limit, others require they not be over 14.2 hands high.
WEIGHTIt varies between different sections, but is usually somewhere between 500 and 750lbs (230-350kg).
LIFE EXPECTANCYWelsh ponies can live 25 to 30 years.
ORIGINIt is believed that the Welsh mountain ponies have existed since prehistoric times and originated from mountains of Wells.
During the middle ages cob blood was introduced to make the breed stronger and more resistant and that formed the Welsh cob.
USESWelsh ponies and cobs are suitable mounts for both children and adults. The modern Welsh Pony is known as a riding pony and driving pony. It is shown both in hand and under saddle, including hunter/jumper and dressage competition, and is a popular children's pony.
TEMPRERAMENTAll the Welsh pony types are intelligent, kind, brave and spirited yet have a calm temperament.
Welsh Pony description
The Welsh Pony designates a group of four related types of pony and horse native to Wales: the Welsh mountain pony (Section A), the Welsh pony (Section B), the Welsh pony of cob type (Section C), and the Welsh Cob (Section D).
All sections of Welsh ponies and Welsh cobs are sure-footed with sound feet, dense bone, and are very hardy. The ponies should have a well-laid back shoulder, deep chest, short back, well-sprung rib cage and strong hindquarters. Their legs should be clean with good bone, short cannons and correct hocks. They exhibit the substance, stamina and soundness of their ancestral bloodstock.
The Section A pony has a small head, large eyes, sloping shoulders, short back and short legs.
The Welsh Pony has a small pony head, long neck, long sloping shoulders, deep girth, muscular back and quarters.
The Section C Welsh Pony is similar in appearance to the section D mountain pony. The breed has a quality head, long neck, strong shoulders, deep girth, muscular back and quarters.
The Welsh Section D, Welsh Cob is of similar appearance to the section C pony. The breed has a quality head, long neck, strong shoulders, deep girth, muscular back and quarters.
Welsh Pony history
The original Welsh Mountain Pony is thought to have evolved from the prehistoric Celtic pony. Welsh ponies were primarily developed in Wales and existed in the British Isles prior to the arrival of the Roman Empire. They were adapted to the difficult climate of severe winters and sparse vegetation. Therefore the Welsh pony developed intelligence, speed and soundness, and is known for "heart" and endurance. They are tough and thrifty, with a steady, tractable, and calm nature.
When the Romans occupied Ancient Britain, they brought horses of their own, which bred with the native ponies, producing hardy offspring with substance and attractive appearance.
The characteristics of the horse breed as it is known today are thought to have been established by the late 15th century, after the Crusaders returned to England with Arabian stallions obtained from the Middle East.
In 1901, the Welsh Pony and Cob Society was formed in the United Kingdom, with the first Stud Book published the following year. In 1949, the sections of the Stud Book (A, B, C, and D) were introduced. The United States registry, also named the Welsh Pony and Cob Society, was incorporated in 1906.
One important stallion in the Welsh breed since the 1900s was Dyoll Starlight, credited with being the foundation sire of the modern breed of horse, and who was a combination of Welsh and Arab breeding. From his line came an influential stallion of the Section B type: Tan-y-Bwlch Berwyn. This stallion was sired by a Barb and out of a mare from the Dyoll Starlight line.
Welsh Pony health and genetic issues
Their genetic make-up make them atypically resistant to diseases.
Welsh Pony fun facts
Henry VII issued an edict which stated that all horse breeds under 15 hands high be eliminated. Welsh pony somehow managed to escape this terrible fate.
A life-sized statue of a Welsh cob stallion was erected in the town of Aberaeron in 2005 donated to the town by the Aberaeron Festival of Welsh Ponies and Cobs to denote the area as Welsh Cob country. It was created by sculptor David Mayer.
A small feral population of about 180 animals roams the Carneddau mountains in Snowdonia.