Cayuse Indian Pony

The Cayuse Indian Pony is a Native American horse breed that was developed by the Cayuse people that used to control a vast territory of more than six million acres in what are now the states of Washington and Oregon.

These horses are known for their endurance, intelligence, and good temperament.

They are used for trail riding, packing, and ranch work.

In this article, you will learn everything you need to know about the Cayuse Indian Pony.

So, whether you are interested in owning one or just want to learn more about them, keep reading!

Cayuse Indian Pony Breed Info

Here are some of the key things you need to know about the Cayuse Indian Pony:

Height (size) Up to 14 hands high
Colors Most commonly roan in color
Country of Origin United States of America
Common Uses General riding, ranch work

Cayuse Indian Pony Facts & Information (Breed Profile)

The Cayuse Indian Pony, native to the northwest region of the United States, may be traced back to the 1800s.

This breed was developed by the Cayuse Indians primarily to create a resilient and strong pony that would be able to go over different terrain at a fast pace.

It is distinct from Mustangs, Spanish Barbs, and other wild horses in both appearance and history.

History of the breed is unclear and hard to trace, but The Cayuse Indian Pony is often believed to be derived from French-Norman horses that were brought to Canada in the 1600s.

The majority of these French horses were Percherons, and the Canadians used them to help enhance their own breeds.

It wasn’t until much later that French Canadians brought horses into what is now the United States.

It is documented that they traded their horses with the Pawnee Indians at St. Louis, and the Pawnee Indians then took them farther west.

Soon enough, the Indians bred their strong French horses with the lighter Spanish Barbs to create a horse that was both quick and durable.

By the early 1800s, the Cayuse Indian Pony had developed into its own distinct breed.

This French-Spanish Barb strain was through careful breeding further developed by the Cayuse Indians, who were famed across the Northwest for their superb horsemanship.

Today, only a small number of them are still around, and the breed is seldom found elsewhere outside of California.

The best breeders in California are making significant efforts to bring it back from the brink of extinction.

If you’re interested in learning more about this fascinating breed, keep reading!

Alternative Names



Gentle, willing, lively, adaptable

Physical Characteristics

The Cayuse Indian Pony is a small and stocky horse with high withers and a long cannon bone.

It walks with an uneven stride because of its distinctly sloped pastern.


Most commonly roan in color

Height (size)

Up to 14.0 hands high







Blood Type


Common Uses

General riding, ranch work


Generally healthy and durable

Popular Traits




Country of Origin

United States of America


French-Norman horses, Spanish Barb