Chernomor Horse

The Chernomor is a very rare horse breed from Russia.

Join us as we explore everything there is to know about this interesting horse breed.

Chernomor Horse Breed Info

Here are some of the key things you need to know about the Chernomor horse:

Height (size) 15.0 – 15.2 hands high
Colors n/a
Country of Origin Russia
Common Uses n/a

Chernomor Horse Facts & Information (Breed Profile)

The Russian regions of Krasnodar Krai and Rostov Oblast, which are located close to the Black Sea, are the birthplace of a breed of saddle horses known as the Chernomor.

Chernomor was created by crossing the horses of Zaporozhian Cossacks and those of Kazakh nomads at the end of the 18th century.

The Chernomor horse first appeared at the end of the 18th century, around the same time that Kazakh nomads were forced to relocate to Kuban in 1792.

There, the nomads came across a local saddle horse known as the Nogai, also known as an old Kuban horse (which has since become extinct), as well as saddle horses native to the mountains.

They bred those horses with their own herd, which consisted of horses that had been influenced by Arab, Turkish, and Persian horses.

During the 19th and 20th centuries the breed was then further shaped by crossbreeding with different saddle horses, such as the Don horse, the Karabakh, and the Thoroughbred.

As a result of the devastating effects of the First World War, the breeding of Chernomor began to merge with that of Boudienny horse.

Because of a large-scale shipment of horses to Romania before the First World War, the breeding stock was depleted, and there were only a handful of horses left in private studs.

Between the years 1921 and 1923, all of the remaining Chernomors were gathered in a single stud; however, when this stud was closed down, the herds were split up and sent to different farms that were intended for use by the military.

When they started crossing the Chernomor with the Boudienny, the Don horse, and the Ukrainian Riding Horse it basically disappeared in its pure form.

Due to too much crossbreeding, the breed is now considered extremely rare, and potentially even extinct in its original form.

In the 1920s, Don and Tchernomor mares bred with Thoroughbred stallions resulted in the creation of the ancestors of the Boudienny horse breed.

Boudienny’s original herd consisted of 657 mares: 261 of which were Anglo-Don/Tchernomor crosses and 37 were Anglo-Tchernomor crosses.

If you’re interested in learning more about this fascinating breed, keep reading!

Alternative Names


“Black Sea Horse”



Physical Characteristics

Its physical characteristics are similar to those of the Don horse, although it is more agile, lighter, and smaller.

There are three types of the breed: a light trait, a light saddle horse with Arabian, Don and Thoroughbred influences, and the local mountain type.

The head is of medium size with a straight or slightly roman profile.

The neck is straight and of medium length and the back is straight.



Height (size)

15.0 – 15.2 hands high







Blood Type


Common Uses




Popular Traits

Incredible endurance



Country of Origin



Nogai, Persian horses, Don, Thoroughbred, Arabian