Iomud Horse

Iomud horses are a rare breed that originated in Turkmenistan, and are known for their strength and hardiness.

If you’re interested in learning more about these amazing animals, keep reading!

Iomud Breed Info

Here are some of the key things you need to know about the Iomud horse:

Height (size) 14.2 – 15.2 hands high
Colors Most commonly gray or chestnut, but golden chestnut and black are also seen
Country of Origin Turkmenistan
Common Uses Riding, packing, racing, jumping

Iomud Facts & Information (Breed Profile)

Turkmenistan is the home of a breed of light horse known as the Iomud.

Like other Turkmen horse breeds (Akhal-Teke, Ersari, Goklan, Salor, Sarik), the Iomud horse is named after the Turkmen tribe who developed it – the Iomud.

The ancestry of the Iomud breed may be traced back to ancient Turkmen horses, and they were developed by the Iomud tribe in the Tashauz oasis in southern Turkmenia.

Along with the history of Turkmen horses in general, the origins of the Iomud breed are quite unclear.

Iomud horses were influenced by steppe breeds and during the 14th century Arabian horses.

Westerners who visited the region in the 18th and 19th centuries noticed the high quality of the local horses and the distinct variances between the different breeds.

Even though the breed has remained relatively pure, their population has declined substantially in the 20th century.

In 1983, stud farms in Turkmenia were established with the goal of preserving the breed, ensuring its continued success, and increasing its population.

In order to ensure the survival of the breed, the goal was to increase the number of breeding mares from 140 to about 250.

Iomud horses have incredible stamina, and are very hardy.

They have been known to travel the distance of 500 miles (800 km) from Daşoguz to Etrek in only seven days.

They are able to effortlessly carry 120 kg even in challenging terrain such as mountains or deserts.

The Iomud had an important role in the evolution of the Lokai breed in Tajikistan.

If you’re interested in learning more about this fascinating breed, keep reading!

Alternative Names




Physical Characteristics

The head is large, sometimes with a ‘Roman nose’.

The neck is medium in length, and attached to medium-high withers.

The chest is shallow.

The back is solid, and the croup is sloped.

The body is muscular and compact.

The legs are clean and fine, but often bowed.

Mane and tail are sparse, and the skin is delicate.

The hooves are strong.

Today, we recognize three types.

The large type is very similar to the Akhal-Teke breed.

The medium type is the most prevalent, and looks like a cross between the Oriental horses and Thoroughbred.

The third and rarest type is a smaller animal with shorter legs and a strong body that looks like Mongolian and Kazakh horses.

Their movements are soft and “floating”.

They have remarkable endurance.


Most commonly gray or chestnut, but golden chestnut and black are also seen

Height (size)

14.2 – 15.2 hands high







Blood Type


Common Uses

Riding, packing, racing, jumping


Long-lived and healthy

Popular Traits

Remarkable endurance


Accustomed to limited food and water

Country of Origin



Ancient Turkmenian horses, Arabian