Noma Horse

The Noma Pony is a very rare domestic breed of pony that was developed in Japan.

Even though Japan’s native horses are small in general, the Noma is the smallest of all of them.

These small horses have been around since the 17th century and are descended from Mongolian stock.

Keep reading to learn everything you need to know about the Noma Pony!

Noma Horse Breed Info

Here are some of the key things you need to know about the Noma horse:

Height (size) 10.1 – 10.3 hands high
Colors Bay, brown, chestnut
Country of Origin Japan
Common Uses Mounts for children

Noma Horse Facts & Information (Breed Profile)

These horses were first bred as military horses on Umashima (Horse Island) around 1635 during the Edo Period.

Due to disease and a shortage of food, this plan did not succeed, therefore the horses were handed to the villagers of Noma.

They received payment from the feudal authority for the bigger horses they raised, while they were allowed to keep the smaller ones, which interbred.

The inhabitants of Noma county have maintained the genetic integrity of their ponies through generations of pure breeding in order to protect the breed’s bloodlines.

Efforts have been made for a long time to preserve the breed.

In 1978, the Noma Pony Preservation Society was established in order to continue this tradition and protect the breed.

Despite conservation efforts, their numbers remain very low.

In the past, local people used them as pack animals on the steep hills of the islands, and also for riding and light draft work.

Today, they are used mostly as riding horses for children and as topics of study in local schools.

If you’re interested in learning more about this fascinating breed, keep reading!

Alternative Names




Physical Characteristics

They are hardy, small, compact and strong horses.

They are sure footed and agile on rough mountain terrain.


Bay, brown, chestnut

Height (size)

10.1 – 10.3 hands high







Blood Type


Common Uses

Mounts for children



Popular Traits

Very hardy



Country of Origin



Mongolian horse