The Salernitano Horse is a rare breed of horse that originates from the region of Salerno in southern Italy, and it is known for its athleticism and beauty.

If you’re interested in learning more about this horse, keep reading!

Salernitano Horse Breed Info

Here are some of the key things you need to know about the Salernitano:

Height (size) 16.0 – 17.0 hands high
Colors Bay, chestnut, black, gray
Country of Origin Italy
Common Uses For sport (mostly jumping), general riding

Salernitano Facts & Information (Breed Profile)

Salernitano was developed in 1762 by the Bourbon king Charles III in the Italian province of Salerno at the Royal Stud of Persano near Serre.

The foundation stock included Oriental, Neapolitan, and Spanish blood.

The Salernitano horse was initially created as a mount for the Italian cavalry and was used by the Italian military up until 1947.

The Salernitano gained popularity as a sport horse because the Italian army supported competitive equestrian sports and made the cavalry horses available to its soldiers to use in competitions.

From the conclusion of World War II until the 1970s, the Italian military’s equestrian jumping squad, which was mainly mounted on Salernitanos, was regarded as one of the best teams in the world.

The introduction of Thoroughbred blood in the early 20th century significantly improved the overall quality of the breed.

Because both the Salerno and the Persano horses were developed at the same time at the Royal Stud of Persano, it is generally accepted that the two distinct breeds are descended from the same foundation stock.

Even though the Salernitano was formerly registered with the Persano, in 2015 the Italian Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry formally recognized the two breeds as distinct.

If you’re interested in learning more about this fascinating breed, keep reading!

Alternative Names



Easy going even though spirited and energetic, sensible

Physical Characteristics

The head is light with a straight profile, square forehead, and flared nostrils.

The neck is long and muscular, and the back is well-proportioned.

The shoulder is deep. The loin is short, and the croup is muscular.

The legs are well-formed.

The Salernitano is an athletic horse and a good mover, particularly well-known for its jumping ability.


Bay, chestnut, black, gray

Height (size)

16.0 – 17.0 hands high






990 – 1,100 lbs (450 – 500 kg)

Blood Type


Common Uses

For sport (mostly jumping), general riding



Popular Traits

They are known for their jumping capabilities, and the ability to withstand very hot temperatures



Country of Origin



Spanish horses, Oriental horses, Neapolitan, Thoroughbred