East Bulgarian breed information
East Bulgarian horse general information
COLORThe East Bulgarian is usually chestnut, black, or bay.
SIZEhe East Bulgarian generally stands 15.3 to 16 hands high.
ORIGINThe East Bulgarian began to be developed at the end of the 19th century at the "Kabiuk" stud farm (former Vassil Kolarov) near Shumen and at stud farm in Bozhurishte near Sofia, in Bulgaria, by crossing local horses with Arabians, Anglo-Arabians, Thoroughbreds and English half-breds. Once established, only additional Thoroughbred blood was added to improve the breed's quality. They were officially recognized as a breed in 1951
USESThe East Bulgarians are used mainly for under saddle, light draft work and are well-suited for a variety of competitive sports such as eventing.
INFLUENCEArabians, Anglo-Arabians, Thoroughbreds , English half-breds
TEMPRERAMENTQuiet but energetic
East Bulgarian description
The modern East Bulgarian breed of horse is caracterized by good conformation, robust constitution, a nice exterior, and free movements. The head is light and elegant with straight profile and large, lively eyes. The neck is quite long and well formed. The chest is full and deep. The shoulder is sloped and muscular. The breed has a well developed genealogical structure of family lines witch are subject to constant improvement.
Because of its qualities, this horse breed became widely popular throughout the country, but mainly in East Bulgaria. Today there are several farms that are trying to increase popularity of this South European horse breed.
East Bulgarian history
Horse breeding was very important in medieval Bulgaria. But when Ottoman empire conquered Bulgaria in 1396. horse breeding was marginalized for five centuries. After liberation fallowing Russo-Turkish War (1877-78), systematic work for improvement of horse breeding was resumed. This strategic improvement extended all over the country, with mares of local origin being crossed with stallions of different breeds. The result was birth of East Bulgarian horse breed.