Jutland breed information
Jutland horse general information
COLORJutland horses are mostly chestnut with flaxen mane and tail, black or brown are uncommon, but occasionally roan.
SIZEThe Jutland horse usually stands between 15 and 16 hands high.
WEIGHTThis Danish horse breed can weigh between 1450lbs and 1800lbs (650kg to 800kg).
ORIGINAlthough its early origins are not fully documented, it is thought that the Jutland was used by the Vikings as war horses during Roman times. They were a popular mount for knights during the Middle Ages, especially for use in jousting. Selection for the modern-day Jutland appears to have begun around 1850, when Suffolk Punch, Cleveland Bay, and Ardennes blood was crossebred on native bloodstock.
USESMainly used for draught, but many are used as promotional mascots for Carlsberg brewery.
INFLUENCEShire, Suffolk Punch, Cleveland Bay, and Ardennes blood.
TEMPRERAMENTThis Dansk horse breed has the most willing nature.
The Jutland horse is a draft horse breed originating from Denmark. The Jutland is a medium-sized draft horse with a quick, free action. Like the Suffolk, the coat is usually chestnut color with a flaxen mane and tail, and the breed's connection with the Suffolk is evident in the compact, round body, the deep girth, and the its massive quarters. There are also some individuals within this horse breed which are black or brown but they are uncommon. In one respect, it differs entirely from the Suffolk, for the Jutland's legs carry a heavy feather that is not found in the former. The breed has a reputation for being docile, kindly, and a tireless, willing worker. The joints on the Jutland are inclined to be fleshy. The forelegs are short and set wide apart. They are coarse of feather on the lower legs. The withers are broad and flat. The neck is short and thick and they have heavily muscled shoulders and exceptionally broad chests. The head is plain and has a squared muzzle but is not unattractive.
The Jutland horse can be traced back to the 12th century, although 9th century pictures of Danish warriors show them riding horses which appear quite similar to the modern Jutland. The Jutland was used not only in a draft horse capacity, but was also a popular mount for the knights of medieval times. They had both the strength and the stamina to excel at carrying the heavy armor, although now they are not commonly used as riding horses. There is a theory that the Vikings took Danish horses into England and that the Suffolk Punch developed from these, and there are certainly similarities between the modern Jutland and the Suffolk. During the 18th century, Fredericksborg blood was introduced to the breed which was responsible for improving their paces.
However, it was a Suffolk Punch stallion that was to have a major influence on the development of the modern Jutland. The stallion was Oppenheim LXII who was imported to the region in 1860 by the well-known horse trader, Oppenheimer of Hamburg, who specialized in Suffolk Punches. He was a Shire- Suffolk crossbreed who, in spite of his short life (6-7 years), sired a large number of foals, all of which possessed the qualities that were required. Six generations later, in 1893, the stallion Aldrup Munkedal was born, and today he is regarded as the foundation stallion of the race. He lived for 16 years and sired more than 1500 foals, 454 of which were recorded in the herdbook. Nearly all breeding animals now living can be traced back to two of Aldrup Munkedal’s sons, “Høvding” ('Chief') and “Prins af Jylland” ('Prince of Jutland').
The Jutland is also believed to have Cleveland Bay and Yorkshire Coach Horse blood, which is the combination that gives rise to its heavy, but attractive, draft appearance. The Jutland is closely related to the Schleswig Heavy draft horse of North Germany, which can also be traced back to Oppenheim.
The Jutland has been used by the Carlsberg brewery for pulling their drays since 1928. They owned 210 Jutlands at their peak, and today still use around 20 for beer transportation in Copenhagen. The Charlsbad horses still travel to many shows and festivals competing and putting on demonstrations, promoting both brewery and breed. Today, they are rarely used in the agricultural fields as a work horse for which they were bred.
Jutland fun facts
The Jutland possess enormous strenght.
The Jutland, along with the Suffolk, is responsible for the Schleswig horse.