Russian Trotter breed information
Russian Trotter horse general information
COLORThe breed is usually bay in color, but can be chestnut, black or gray.
SIZEThe breed stands between 15.3 and 16 hh.
LIFE EXPECTANCYThe life span averages 15-17 years
USESThe modern Russian Trotter is a typical harness horse
INFLUENCEAmerican Standardbred, Orlov Trotter
TEMPRERAMENTThe breed is noted for an even temperament and great powers of endurance.
Russian Trotter description
The modern Russian Trotter is a typical harness horse. Characteristically, it is generally clean and proportionately built and has well-developed muscles and tendons. The head is light, profile straight, neck long and straight, 314 withers medium in height, back and loin straight and well muscled, croup flat, long and broad.
Russian Trotter history
The Russian Trotter was developed by crossing the Orlov Trotter with the American Standardbred (American Trotter) and subsequent breeding inter
The crossbreeding began in the 1890s. Prior to 1914, 156 stallions and 220
purebred mares were used. After World War One and the Civil War the importation of American Trotters stopped; systematic activity began so as to improve the speed, conformation and the measurements of the crossbreeds.
The goal was to find the best combination of these features. By 1950 the
breed formation was completed. In 1960, in order to improve the breed's
speed, a second crossing of Russian Trotters with American Standardbred
stallions was made. The crossing still continues.
Russian Trotter health and genetic issues
In appearance the Russian Trotter is, however, inferior to the Orlov; it more frequently possesses such defects as bowed legs or close hock-joints, drooping and short croup, exostoses and curb.
Russian Trotter fun facts
The speed of the Russian Trotter is quite high. The 1600 m trot record is 1 min 56.9 sec.
The highest longevity was displayed by the stallion Podarok who founded a line, lived to be 29 and was used in mating up to the age of 28; and the mare Mazurka who lived until 1980 and produced 16 foals.