Bavarian Warmblood breed information
Bavarian Warmblood horse general information
COLORAll solid colours, chestnut, bay
SIZEThe ideal height is between 15.2 - 16.2 hh
LIFE EXPECTANCYBetween 25 - 30 years
TEMPRERAMENTBavarian Warmblood is willing and docile
Bavarian Warmblood description
The Bavarian Warmblood is a horse of southern Germany that was bred using the old Bavarian "Rottaler" breed, and English Thoroughbred and Trakehner stallions. The Bavarian Warmblood was registered as a separate breed since 1963.\r
Bavarian Warmbloods are similar to other German warmbloods in type, conformation, movement, jumping ability and interior qualities. Desirable type includes an elegant, attractive horse with dry limbs and head and clear sex expression. Conformation reflects the stamp of a correct sport horse. Correct movement includes three rhythmic gaits characterized by energy, a long stride, natural self-carriage and elasticity, with some knee action. Selection processes aim for enthusiastic, capable jumpers with "bascule" (arc over the fence), "scope" (ability to respond to changes in the environment), and "tact" (carefully pulling the legs out of the way). Horses that are difficult, nervous, or aggressive are identified and typically are not allowed to breed.\r
Breeding stallions and mares are chosen by thorough studbook selection, which eliminates horses that do not fit the breeding goal from the breeding studbooks. The Bavarian Warmblood is by no means set in type and recognizable the way that breeds from closed studbooks are; instead, they are recognizable by their athletic ability and temperament.\r
The Bavarian warmblood has its home in the state to Bavaria. The breeding goal is a riding horse for sport and pleasure purposes. Bavaria is one of the oldest horse breeding regions in Germany and was known in the past for the local Rottal horse. Already at the times of the crusades the 'Rottal chestnuts" were praised as good riding horses. At the end of the 18th century Holstein stallions with Neapolitan and Andalusian bloodlines and in the 1st half of the 19th century half-breds of Norfolk, Zweibruecken and Normandy blood were mixed in. As the breed aimed mainly at military usage, the horses became too light for farming use.
Bavarian Warmblood history
Strong calibre horse breed was achieved by using Normandy and Oldenburg stallions. They were greatly used for carriage and field until World War II. Today's Bavarian Warmbloods, though, are based mainly on Hanoverian and Westphalian blood, which they appear most like. They were also refined with some Thoroughbred and Trakehner blood. The stud at Scwaiganger became the center of Bavarian breeding after the Landshut state stud was abandoned.
Bavarian Warmblood health and genetic issues
Thorough health-screening of breeding stallions before they stand stud has resulted in a population largely free of congenital diseases. The size and growth rate of warmbloods in general has made Osteochondrosis (OCD) the primary health concern.