Dutch Warmblood breed information
Dutch Warmblood horse general information
COLORMost Dutch Warmbloods are black, brown, bay, chestnut, or grey, and white markings are not uncommon
SIZEDutch Warmblood horses average about 16.2 hh with some reaching 17 hh
WEIGHTIs around 1430lb (650kg)
ORIGINThe Dutch Warmblood is a fairly modern breed that was derived from two native Dutch Breeds - the Gelderlander and the Groningen. The breeders intended to combine the best characteristics of each breed and then the resulting offspring were further refined with the introduction of Thoroughbred blood. This resulted in athletic horses, with good sloping shoulders, giving them a flatter and longer action, as well as longer necks and shorter backs than the native Dutch breeds. The addition of thoroughbred blood also improved the Dutch horses' scope and stamina. Dutch farmers earned their living with horses, so strict breeding practices have long been used. Other related Warmbloods, such as the Oldenburg and the Hanoverian, were used to clarify some minor conformation details and to emphasize the desirable calm temperament.
USESNo registry produced more successful international show jumping horses than the KWPN. For the 2007 year, Dutch Warmbloods were ranked #1 in jumping by the World Breeding Federation for Sport Horses (WBFSH).The only registry more successful on the dressage "big tour" was the Hanoverian studbook; Dutch Warmbloods were ranked #2 in dressage in the WBFSH rankings in 2007 due to high placings in major events by horses such as Painted Black, Jazz and Idocus.In North America, the Dutch Warmblood is a favorite choice for the hunter ring.
TEMPRERAMENTBreeders pay particular attention to temperament. Privately owned stallions are only allowed to stud after passing rigerous testing focusing on confirmation, movement, temperament and close monitoring of progney.
Dutch Warmblood description
The head is well shaped, usually with a straight profile, and the neck is arched and well muscled, merging neatly into the withers, which are fairly prominent. The back is straight and fairly long, with the croup short, broad and flat. The tail is set high. The chest of this horse is deep and full and the shoulder is well sloped. The legs are b with a long forearm. Hindquarters are powerful and highly muscled, a characteristic inherited from the original and powerful farm horses of the Netherlands and a feature necessary for b movements.
The unique Dutch harness horse is bred to perform in driving competitions and in harness horse classes. This harness horse displays a long moment of suspension in the trot, a broadly moving foreleg with high knee action and a powerful carrying hindleg, in combination with a proud, high carriage, enhanced by the long, vertically set neck. The Dutch harness horse is principally harnessed in front of a light show carriage to enhance its unique action.
With the merging of the local studbooks into one organization, some breeders decided not to follow the modern trend and continued to breed the traditional farm type of light draft horse - the Gelderlander. The KWPN created a special breeding direction for these breeders who wished to preserve this original type. The classic lines with the rich front and the enthusiastic performance of the Gelderland horse appeals to a large group of people. Because of its conformation, capacities and its willing and reliable character, the Gelderlander can perform equally well in harness and under saddle. This versatility give the Gelderlander high practical value.
Dutch Warmblood history
Prior to World War II, there were two types of utility horse in the Netherlands: Gelderlanders bred in the south under the Gelderlander Horse Studbook (1925) and the Groningen bred in the north under the NWP (1943). The Groningen was, and still is, a heavy weight warmblood horse very similar in type to the Alt-Oldenburger and East Freisian. The Gelderlander, by the same token, was a more elegant variation on the same theme, being often a high-quality carriage horse in addition to a useful agricultural horse. And, while the Groningen were almost unwaveringly solid black, brown, or dark bay, the Gelderlanders were more often chestnut with flashy white markings. These two registries merged to form the Royal Warmblood Horse Studbook of the Netherlands (KWPN).
After the Second World War, the Gelderlander and Groninger were replaced by tractors and cars, and horses began to become a luxury rather than a necessity. As early as the 1950s, stallions like the French-bred L'Invasion and Holsteiner Normann were imported to encourage a change in the type of Dutch horses, followed soon after by the Holsteiner Amor and Hanoverian Eclatant. The carriage-pulling foundation stock contributed their active, powerful front ends and gentle dispositions to the Dutch Warmblood.
Today the KWPN comprises four sections: the Gelderlander, the Tuigpaard or Dutch Harness Horse, and riding horses bred for either dressage or show jumping. Indeed, the KWPN was the first studbook to regulate such specialization amongst its sport horses.
Dutch Warmblood health and genetic issues
Dutch Warmbloods are sound and long-lived due to the stringent requirements placed on stallions and elite mares. While mild navicular changes, sesamoids, pastern arthritis and bone spavin may be permitted on radiographs, osteochondrosis in the hock or stifle is not allowed. Horses are disqualified from breeding for the following flaws: congenital eye defects, over- or underbite, lack of symmetry in stifles, hocks, hooves, or movement.
Dutch Warmblood fun facts
A Dutch warmblood stallion by the name of Uraeus plays Viggo Mortennson's horse in all three Lord of The Rings movies.